An Unusual Case of Chronic Hemoptysis

      Case Presentation

      A 62-year-old African American man was admitted to the hospital with hemoptysis. He had a complicated medical history significant for active tobacco use (>50 pack-year history), coronary artery disease, and heart failure with reduced ejection fraction. He reported intermittent episodes of coughing up streaks of blood in the sputum for the past 3 years. For the past few days before this presentation, he had multiple episodes of coughing up over a tablespoon of only blood. He was not on any anticoagulant agents. There were no risk factors for TB, nor was there a history of fevers, chills, shortness of breath, leg swelling, changes in his urine color and frequency or urgency, or unintended weight loss. On admission, he was noted to be breathing comfortably. Vital signs revealed a temperature of 36.6ºC, BP of 138/70 mm Hg, heart rate of 66 beats/min, respiratory of rate of 18 breaths/min, and a blood oxygen saturation level of 98% on room air. Physical examination was significant for decreased bilateral breath sounds with no wheezing, crackles, or rhonchi. Cardiovascular examination revealed normal cardiac rhythm without murmur, rubs, or gallops. There was no clubbing or edema on his extremities.
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