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THE EFFECT OF INHALER USE SATISFACTION AMONG PATIENTS WITH ASTHMA ON THE DISEASE CONTROL

      SESSION TITLE: Late-breaking Abstract Posters
      SESSION TYPE: Original Investigation Posters
      PRESENTED ON: October 18-21, 2020
      PURPOSE: Asthma is a common inflammatory lung disorder of the upper respiratory tract that is characterized by reversible bronchial smooth muscle constriction, inflammation and hyperresponsiveness of the airways. Asthma guidelines emphasizes on the education, prevention, diagnosis and management of asthma. As shown in many studies factors such as age, gender, duration, severity of the disease, type of inhaler use, inhalation technique play an important role in drug effectiveness of chronic respiratory diseases including asthma. However, there are few studies that have assessed the impact of asthmatic patients’ satisfaction on the disease control. Patient satisfaction with their inhaler use is now gaining more attention in drug effectiveness. Most studies that discussed the asthmatic patients’ satisfaction with the control of the disease were not done in Saudi Arabia, nor in Middle East. That is why, our study focused more about how patient satisfaction can affect the control of the disease in the eastern province of KSA. This study aim to determine the impact of asthmatic patients' satisfaction upon disease control. We hypothesized that there is more disease control with patients who have high satisfaction upon their inhaler use.
      METHODS: An analytical cross-sectional study conducted across the eastern province asthmatic population. Total number of 150 patients estimated to be included in this study based on our inclusion criteria by filling two types of questionnaires Treatment Satisfaction questionnaire for Medication (TSQM) to assess the patient satisfaction and Asthma Control Test (ACT) to assess the disease control along with demographical data sheet. After obtaining the responses, the data has been analyzed by using unpaired t-test and chi square test with considering a p value of 0.05 to be statistically significant.
      RESULTS: 162 responds received from the online surveys that was distributed through WhatsApp and twitter across the eastern province of Saudi Arabia. 91 participants were excluded and 71 participants were included, mostly women (66.2%) followed by male (33.8%) with mean age of 28.8 years. From the 71 participants, majority of them had uncontrolled asthma (93%) while the minority had somewhat controlled asthma (7%). The results showed that the most common inhaler device used was MDI(71.8%) followed by SVN(18.3%) and lastly DPI(9.9%). There is no relationship between asthmatic patient satisfaction and the asthma control (P-value of 0.62).
      CONCLUSIONS: There is no association or relationship between the level of asthmatic patient satisfaction with the disease control thus the research hypothesis rejected. Further studies is needed to detect the impact of asthmatic patients' satisfaction upon disease control.
      CLINICAL IMPLICATIONS: Taking the asthmatic patient satisfaction in consideration upon the asthma medication as an important key factor will provide better disease control and management.
      DISCLOSURES: no disclosure on file for Sara Almesned;
      No relevant relationships by Nawal Alotaibi, source=Web Response
      No relevant relationships by Abeer Alshammeri, source=Web Response
      No relevant relationships by Abdullah Ghazwani, source=Web Response