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“Imitators” of the ARDS

Implications for Diagnosis and Treatment
  • Marvin I. Schwarz
    Correspondence
    Correspondence to: Marvin I. Schwarz, MD, FCCP, Division of Pulmonary Sciences and Critical Care Medicine, Campus Box C272, School of Medicine 5525, 4200 East Ninth Ave, Denver, CO 80222
    Affiliations
    Division of Pulmonary Sciences and Critical Care Medicine, University of Colorado Health Sciences Center, Denver Health Medical Center, Denver, CO
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  • Richard K. Albert
    Affiliations
    Division of Pulmonary Sciences and Critical Care Medicine, University of Colorado Health Sciences Center, Denver Health Medical Center, Denver, CO
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      Acute lung injury (ALI) and ARDS (ALI/ARDS) are defined as follows: (1) an illness having an acute onset, (2) an arterial oxygen tension/inspired oxygen fraction ≤ 200 mm Hg (or ≤ 300 mm Hg for ALI), (3) the presence of bilateral infiltrates on frontal chest radiographs, and (4) a pulmonary artery occlusion pressure ≤ 18 mm Hg if measured, or no clinical evidence of left atrial hypertension when not measured.
      • Bernard GR
      • Artigas A
      • Brigham KL
      • the Consensus Committee
      • et al.
      The American-European consensus conference on ARDS.
      • Doyle RL
      • Szaflarski N
      • Modin GW
      • et al.
      Identification of patients with acute lung injury.

      Key words

      Abbreviations:

      ABMA (anti-basement membrane antibody), AEP (acute eosinophilic pneumonia), AIP (acute interstitial pnuemonia), ALI (acute lung injury), BOOP (bronchiolitis obliterans organizing pneumonia), CVD (collagen vascular disease), DAH (diffuse alveolar hemorrhage), HP (hypersensitivity pneumonitis)
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